Traveling is one of the most pleasant and enriching experiences there is. This is due thanks to the need that exists to discover new places and cultures. However, in every journey there must be a point of surprise or fascination that make it unique.
There are many countries and places that offer all this, however, Mexico, and more specifically the yucatan peninsulahost a large number of scenarios that will leave anyone who visits it open-mouthed, as is Chichen Izta or its spectacular cenotes.
The peninsula has a secret very well kept and which is of extreme beauty and interest. It is about the many henequen haciendas abandoned that are in the middle of the jungle, near the municipality of Homún. Some are in a perfect state of conservation and also allow routes its surroundings enjoying the surroundings and the spectacular cenotes.
From the British newspaper BBC They say that the golden age of the henequen haciendas corresponds to the XIX century, when the henequen agave plant bathed these lands with wealth. Its value lay in its versatility and usefulness when make ropeswhich made it a basic product for the construction of boats and machines for grain cultivation. This caused American companies to start investing in this product to the point of turning the peninsula into the richest state in Mexico.
This period of splendor is reflected today in its ruins, where you can observe the life of those times, in which the haciendas had plantations, henequen processing plants, churchesshops and working class neighborhoods. In many respects, they were autonomous countries within the country, some even had their own currency and its own laws.
However, after the Mexican Revolution in the 1920s, agrarian reforms broke the model of large plantations. Added to this was the search for USA of new alternatives to Mexican henequen and the strong impact of Great Depression. In this way, around 1938, Yucatan lost control of this industry and the haciendas fell into poverty, the majority being abandoned in 1950. However, to this day, many of them have become sights and even some in hotels.
The traveler who decides to visit this part of history cannot miss the Hacienda Kempepen, the most surprising of all. It is part of the property of Desarrollos Turísticos de Yucatán and began receiving tourists in September 2018. In addition, it has a small camp and a 1.2 kilometer long guided route, where you can enjoy the ruins of the old plantation, of spectacular cenotes and impressive caves.
The main house was built in 1823 and along it, and throughout the hacienda, you can see the remains of the spanish rulebut also the culture Maya. An example of this would be the small stone altars for the luxury, Mayan spirits of the forest, which were built next to old wells.
Other farms of interest
Apart from Hacienda Kampepén, there are many more throughout the Yucatan, however, some are totally neglected. This is the case of the Hacienda Uayalcehwhich is in a complete state of abandonmentwhere the visitor can find all kinds of animals, birds and wild flowers adorning the place.
This contrasts perfectly with the Hacienda Yaxcopoilwhich has been converted into a hotel and wedding venue that offers rustic stays, walking tours and a dose of history, through its henequen-equipped powerhouse and gallery of Mayan relics. To this is added the Sotuta de Peon Hacienda Vivawhich combines a luxury hotel with an experience historical retrospective: a complete museum that shows how henequen was manufactured in real life.
On the other hand, there are many farms that are scattered in this area, so those travelers who want to visit them should ask indications locals, as many are not marked. Also, some can be reached by bus or hired taxis, others require a 4×4 vehicle or motorcycle, but your presence is evident everywhere, from overgrown ruins in the thick, dense forests to Antique buildings in ruins on the outskirts of small towns and cities.